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托福词汇:主题类词汇介绍

更新日期:     News Editor:一鸣留学

   以下是分享的托福词汇
    1. 环保话题类
  white pollute 白色污染
  sustainable development 可持续发展
  ecosystem 生态系统
  environmental pollution 环境污染
  over-fishing (overgrazing) 过度捕捞 (过度放牧)
  sand storm 沙尘暴
  resource exhaustion 资源枯竭
  water and soil conservation 水土保持
  soil erosion 土壤流失
  clear-cutting (deforestation) 滥砍滥伐
  desertification 沙漠化
  conserve natural resources 保护自然资源
  shortage of fresh water 淡水短缺
  disruption of ecological balance 生态失衡
  natural preservation zone 自然保护区
  2. 教育话题类
  the craze for graduate school 考研热
  surf the internet 网上冲浪
  cyberspace 网络空间
  inter-disciplinary talent 复合型人才
  assignment of graduates 毕业生分配
  net friend 网友
  examination-oriented education 应试教育
  teach students according to their aptitude 因材施教
  quality-oriented education 素质教育
  compulsory education 义务教育
  internet bar 网吧
  adult (continuing) education 成人教育
  distance education 远程教育
  campus culture校园文化
  two-way selection 双向选择
  work-study program 勤工俭学
  double degree 双学位
  non-resident student 走读生
  resident student 寄宿生
  extracurricular activities 课外活动
  self-taught examination 自学考试
  become well-educated through self-study 自学成才
  to reduce study load 学生减负
  web-addiction 沉湎于上网
  3. 社会热点类
  Project Hope 希望工程
  information revolution 信息革命
  jerry-built projects 豆腐渣工程
  population explosion 人口爆炸
  epidemic disease 传染病
  dropout students 失学儿童
  laid-off worker 下岗工人
  reemployment project 再就业工程
  clone technology 克隆技术
  migrate laborer 民工
  crack down on counterfeit goods / fake products 打假
  devalue 贬值
  expand domestic demand 扩大内需
  state-owned enterprise 国有企业
  deflation 通货紧缩
  inflation通货膨胀
  rechargeable card 冲值卡
  Smooth Traffic Project 畅通工程
  anti-fake label 防伪标志
  poverty alleviation 扶贫
  infrastructure construction 基础设施
  vicious circle 恶性循环
  gender discrimination 性别歧视
  psychological quality心理素质
  pattern of consumption 消费结构
  consumers’ association消费者协会
  green food绿色食品
  money worship 拜金主意
  Olympic committee 奥委会
  host city 举办城市
  bid for Olympic 申办奥运会
  4. 经济文化类
  regional protectionism 地方保护主义
  tax evasion 偷税漏税
  purchasing power 购买力
  cybereconomy 网络经济
  personal income tax 个人所得税
  risk investment 风险投资
  after sale service 售后服务
  stock exchange 股票交易
  booming/thriving/prosperity繁荣
  decline / recession / depression 萎缩/衰退/萧条
  5. 科技发展类
  broadband networks 宽带网
  multimedia 多媒体
  hacker 黑客
  e-business 电子商务
  pirated software 盗版软件
  pseudo-science / superstition 迷信
  computer virus电脑病毒
  on-line shopping 网上购物
  get / surf on-line 上网
  test-tube baby 试管婴儿
  Orbital Station 空间站